Productivity is an indicator that can be used to measure the economic performance of a worker, a business, an industry or a geographic region, such as a province or a country.

This background paper summarizes the key basic concepts related to productivity and its determinants. It then looks at how productivity has changed in Canada, the provinces and internationally in recent years, highlighting the differences in productivity between Canada and the United States. Lastly, it explores possible solutions that could help boost Canadian productivity and move it closer to that of the U.S.